When talking to breeders about their dogs/ puppies, there are a few warning signs that you may be dealing with a disreputable, unethical, or
1) The "breeder" lacks knowledge about the breed ie shows ignorance or denial of genetic defects that could be present in the breed and they
will have no documentation of health testing any dogs they use to breed with.
2) The "breeder" has no involvement in dog sports.
3) The "breeder" won't let you see all the puppies or adults they have, or let you see the kennels. They may have an extra ordinary amount of
dogs and breeding bitches and have more than a few litters a year. Anyone who has more than 3 litters needs a license and are usually more
4) The "breeder" doesn't ask any questions about you or your family, your lifestyle or living arrangements for a dog you might have from them.
5) The puppies look nervous or look ill, but Definitely avoid anyone who "always has puppies", or who is breeding their bitch every year. Try
avoid people who have several litter at a time regularly . If someone has three litters (especially if they mention that it was "unexpected") at the
same time, they are certainly not planning these puppies! All puppies should be "expected" and well planned for. If they are not, it's pot luck as
to whether you're going to get a good puppy or a nightmare, from experience it will be the latter..
6) Beware of breeders who state Teacup or special terms, they are not normal, definately not defined in the breed standards and you can bet
they are not raising healthy dogs. Any adverts that has to stress the size and weight of the dog to sell the puppies is usually dodgy. Usually,
these dogs are outside of the breed's norm and are subject to their own medical problems due to excessive size or lack of it.
7) "See Both Parents" ~ Often it is said a prospective owners should ask a breeder to see them but sometimes its not always possible or even a ,
good thing. Rarely will a good breeder have the luck to own both dogs for the perfect litter. If you can see both parents, it may mean that the
person had two dogs in the back yard and didn't supervise them carefully enough, resulting in puppies or that they bred to a dog of convenience
they already owned. There are some good and very reasonable reasons to have both parents on site. However, you need to ask the right
questions and understand why this is true. If the breeder doesn't have an answer, or the answer is something like "well, they were just such cute
dogs..." or "we bought another dog so we could have puppies" you need to evaluate whether this breeder is doing the right thing. They might be,
they might not. It's up to you to ask.
8) Beware of breeders or adverts saying "Must go now!" Why? Aren't they cute anymore? Need more money? Is there a problem? Usually
because there are more on the way. Any good breeder will keep their babies for as long as needed.
9) Avoid anyone sending tiny puppies home. Puppies sent home too early don't have the chance to develop healthy interactions with other dogs,
and can be sickly or have other problems . Puppies need to stay with their moms at least until 10 weeks in small breeds, 8 weeks in big breeds.
A GOOD BREEDER WILL.....
1 ) They Strive in each and every breeding to achieve the highest quality possible in relation to the breed standard for
conformation, excellence in hunting for field, trainability for obedience, tracking and the field, and temperament, in order to
maintain our breed's characteristics and make sure that the dogs looks like the breed it is meant to be.....
2) Use only physically and mentally sound, mature dogs for breeding. These characteristics are rarely, if ever, Females should
not be bred before 2 years of age. A minimum breeding age of three is seriously recommended in order for breeders to
determine with greater certainty that the parents are of good health and temperament.
3) Continue to educate themselves regarding genetic predisposition to their breed, including, (but not limited to) P-L, PRA hip
and elbow dysplasia, seizure disorders, allergies, heart disorders etc.. they will have access to information available as to their
modes of inheritance. Make use of genetic tests as suggested by the needs of their individual dog(s) and close relatives
thereof. Documentation of hip and eye screenings should be available to prospective puppy buyers.
4) They will Apply the same high standards to bitches bought in or stud dogs used as do their own breeding stock and
Endeavor to gain personal knowledge of the temperament and health of every dog they breed, or to which they breed in order to
gather information on which to base future breeding decisions. They share this information fully and honestly with other
breeders and with prospective buyers..
5) Match each puppy's personality as carefully as possible with a compatible buyer/family.
6) Have each puppy examined by a veterinarian for general health prior to placement. Each puppy should be vaccinated and
wormed by or in consultation with a veterinarian.
7) Encourage buyers of pet puppies to spay/neuter. Contracts should be signed by both parties to support a life time of support
and should include written spay/neuter contracts, limited registration, and/or spay/neuter rebates.
8) Sell pets to none breeding pet homes and breeding prospects to knowledgeable, ethical, and experienced persons or are
willing to help educate and guide novices. They should at any time accept the return of any dog/bitch their breeding program
produces and they should always help when relocation is needed.
9) Do not engage in misleading or untrue advertising .Also, be very wary of breeders who have multiple dog breeds. It is not
uncommon to find people breeding more than one kind of dog, as often people keep 2 breeds but a breeder producing litters of
many different breeds is not going to be your best source, and probably should be suspected as a puppy-mill or disreputable
11) Do not sell, supply, donate or surrender any dog for which they are responsible to a pet shop, catalogue house, wholesale
dealer in dogs, Humane Society, or non-diseased dogs to a laboratory. They should have reasonable assurance that each
individual receiving a dog will provide a home with appropriate shelter, restraint, control and responsible care.
11) Encourage puppy buyers to be responsible owners and to go to puppy and obedience classes to help their puppies to
become better canine good citizens. The achievement of a Canine Good Citizen certificate should be encouraged.
12) Participate and/or cooperate in research studies into heritable defects affecting the Papillon or said breed.
13) A good breeder will always socialised their puppies? Ideally, the breeder will have raised the puppies in their house,
around the normal daily activities of a household so they are used to the noises and activity of humans.
someone who says "in the garage" or "in the kennels" can also have well socialized puppies, but you need to be more careful.
that they Have they spent enough time with the puppies? Socialisation is important in order to get a well-adjusted,
well-mannered dog. Puppies should have been exposed to people, other dogs, new situations, normal household sounds and
activities in order to learn. A puppy raised without this important social interaction can be shy, fearful, aggressive, or have other
problems as they get older. Dogs need to know how to play, how to handle new situations, how to relate to people.
ask some very strange questions regarding home life and current situations before letting you have one of their precious
2) They want to know that you are the best possible home for their baby, they want to know that you can train and take care of
evaluate them. You should Expect this. If it bothers you, you probably shouldn't have a dog.
3) Breeders should ask if you have had dogs before? What happened to them, the age they lived to etc...?
Don't expect a breeder to sell a puppy to you if your last two dogs were killed or you gave the up to the rescue for behavior
problems or you did not want them anymore. A breeder is looking for a certain level of experience with dogs, and whether you
are a responsible pet owner who would be able to take on their dog so all can live a happily together
4) They Also want to know if you have dogs already in your household as they will want to make sure you understand the
dynamics of a multi-dog household and are prepared to add another dog to your family.
5) They will want to know What your experience with this breed? and What your expectations are for them ?
Each breed has it's quirks, and the breeder is trying to determine if you have any idea what you're getting in to. Too many
people pick the "popular" breed, not knowing that certain dogs need tons of exercise, or that certain breeds will herd anything,
including their family, or that other breeds will end up huge and will drool all over your walls and clothes.
In discussing your expectations , the breeder can get a good idea of whether you and the dog you choose are going to be
compatible and will live happily together . They want to try prevent you from getting a dog that you cannot live with and end up
parting with so that all parties get upset.
6) Asking if you have children or children that visit regularly is important . Some breeds are great with children, others arent.
and its important to know what you are getting into. If you have very young children, breeders may dissuade you from some
breeds until the kids are older and more able to handle the puppy properly. That applies to both very large, pushy breeds that
can dominate a child, to tiny toy breeds that can be harmed by too rough play with toddlers.
A lot of people who have children at home decide to get a dog so their kid can have a pet and learn responsibility (or whatever).
Remember that no matter how responsible your child is, IT IS YOUR job as an ADULT to TAKE CARE of this dog,
7) Do you intend to breed/show/train?
If you are not intending to show this dog, you will probably be sold a puppy on the condition that you spay or neuter it. If you are
going to show, the breeder is a fabulous source of information and can get you pointed in the right direction.
The breeder will also assess your ability to train and control the dog, and your commitment to do so.